Currently sitting at second, India is tipped to surpass China by as early as 2025 to be the largest populated country in the world. This huge demographic dividend may end as a demographic liability if proper measures are not taken to address the situation.
According to studies World’s shortage of skilled manpower will stand at approximately 56.5 million by 2020. To tap up this opportunity, in 2009 a National policy on skill development was formulated with the task of skilling 500 million people by 2022. Current government has revised the policy and has synced it with Prime minister Narendra Modi’s call for Make in India. And if India has to successfully execute it, Technology is going to be key.
Some Key Stats
- India is expected to have 28% of the world’s workforce by 2030.
- By 2020 there will be shortage of 56.5 million skilled labours in the world.
- By 2025 India will have around 690 million citizens under the age of 25. By that time India will be the largest populated country in the world with 48% of them under the age of 25.
- 7 out of 10 young citizens are part of rural India and much of these population is engaged in traditional activities without education and skills.
- Most of the countries in the world are ageing while India’s demographic dividend is getting younger.
Why We Need to Look Into Our Education System?
One of the main reasons our country remains a developing nation but never reaches its destination of being a developed nation is lack of technologies in education sector. The workforce India produced over years according to many studies are seriously lacking quality.
Reports states that by the time India over takes China as the world’s largest populated country, 58 million of Indian workforce will be low skilled workers who will be struggling to find a job. This is according to McKinsey report. It added, by 2030 the world will be in excess of 94 million low skilled workers and will be needing 40 million skilled workers.
Out of the 94 million low skilled workers in the world, contribution of India will be a flabbergasting 58 million. Another survey reported that there is only 2% skilled workforce in the country. All this points the fingers to our education system.
Technology is The Answer
With the world getting more and more industrialized demand for skilled labours is higher than ever. So usage of technologies in education is crucial in developing skilled labours. Here is a list of few drawbacks of Indian labours and how technology in education can repair it.
– Indian labour force lacks interactive skills
Studies show that use of internet and devices at young age prepares children for social interaction.
– Lacks communication skills
It also suggests that children using computers for interaction developed more fluency in communication and also possessed skill to handle language at a more complex level.
– Lacks collaborative skills
Contrary to beliefs it prepares children to interact and collaborate more than normal methods of class activities such as discussions and debates.
– Lack of clarity about basic concepts
The other benefit of technology in skill development found in the same studies says that children using internet develops more problem solving skills and has more conceptual skills over those not using them.
– Lacks the pace to keep moving with the changing scenario in industrial world
Usage of technologies prepares the children at a very young to keep upgrading and updated which is a major skill required in this fast moving world.
Make or Break
Most of us are not even aware about the opportunity this country is squandering with our huge demographic dividend. And this wasted opportunity will drive India into the biggest crisis we have ever faced. The world we see today is not the one we see tomorrow. It changes from day to day with the arrival of newer technologies day by day.
The labour force required in such a world need to be highly skilled as well. With several studies sharing the concern about lack of skilled labours coming out of the country, we need to seriously introduce more and more technologies into every education programs to keep up with the pace of transforming world and capitalise the need for more and more skilled labours every passing day.
Some General Questions
1) With more technology oriented education system will there be a scarcity for traditional jobs in India which is basically an agricultural country?
The possibilities of technologies are not only in industries and factories but can also help in traditional jobs like agriculture and crafting. The sole aim of technology oriented education is to improve the productivity and fasten the development of the country. In an agricultural country, technologies can play a crucial role in fields than in industries
2) Use of technologies could make education costlier. Isn’t it a major concern in a country like India?
Over years’sectors like education and health has become more and more expensive. People never bargains in these two sectors knowing the importance of these two. So people are never going to complain but could have concerns. But education is not a sector completely swallowed by private sector. Our government has several plans to ensure quality education reaches every single citizen at cheap. As long as education sector isn’t completely handled by private sectors this is not going to be a major concern.
3) Technology driven education system would raise the need for technologies even at home to make the best out of the system. Is it a practical method in rural India where people could struggle to afford those?
Both central ministries and state ministries have on various occasions made technologies available to students at cheaper rates. Akash tablet pc’s is such an example. Several subsidies are made available by government for such schemes as well.
4) What are the chances of NSDC achieving their target of skilling 500 million by 2022?
The chances are sky high. NSDC is a dream project for the country. Even though there was a change in government after the introduction of NSDC the project has not seen any politics affecting it. Instead even more focus is laid on to the project to fasten the process. Also this is a public-private partnership project and hence there will be serious quality and pace to the program.